Common Morality: Deciding What to Do

Author: Bernard Gert
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Category: Ethics & Moral Philosophy
Book Format: Paperback

Moral problems do not always come in the form of great social controversies. More often, the moral decisions we make are made quietly, constantly, and within the context of everyday activities and quotidian dilemmas. Indeed, these smaller decisions are based on a moral foundation that few of us ever stop to think about but which guides our every action.

Here distinguished philosopher Bernard Gert presents a clear and concise introduction to what he calls common morality--the moral system that most thoughtful people implicitly use when making everyday, common sense moral decisions and judgments. Common Morality is useful in that--while not resolving every disagreement on controversial issues--it is able to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable answers to moral problems.

Bernard Gert is Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy, Dartmouth College. He is also the author of Morality: Its Nature and Justification, and co-author of Bioethics, and Morality and the New Genetics.

Table Of Contents
Introduction

Some Areas of Widespread Agreement

Distinguishing Features of Moral Judgments

Rationality and Human Nature

Areas of Moral Disagreement

Analogy between Morality and Grammar

Part I: The Moral System

Features of the Moral System

The Moral Rules

The Moral Ideals

General Characteristics of Moral Rules

Interpreting the Rules

Violations of Moral Rules Involve Liability to Punishment

Justifying Violations of the Moral Rules

The Two-Step Procedure for Justifying Violations of the Moral Rules

Moral Virtues an Vices

Summary and Test

Part II: The Moral Theory

The Justification of Morality

Characteristics of Moral Agents

Knowledge or Beliefs Required of All Moral Agents

Irrationality and Rationality

Rationality as Maximizing Satisfaction of Desires

Objectively Irrational Actions

Personally Irrational Actions

Reasons Versus Motives

All Reasons Have Justifying Force

Reasons and Desires

Adequate Reasons

Rationality, Morality, and Self-Interest

Impartiality

Two Philosophical Attempts to Achieve Moral Impartiality

Justifying Moral Impartiality

Why Act Morally?

Morality as an Informal Public System

The Role of Governments in Settling Unresolvable Moral Disagreements

Rights

The Consequences of Morality Not Always Providing a Unique Correct Answer

A Complete Moral Theory

Conclusion

Flow Charts

Notes

Glossary

Index
About Bernard Gert
Bernard Gert is Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy, Dartmouth College. He is also the author of Morality: Its Nature and Justification, and co-author of Bioethics, and Morality and the New Genetics.

(BK-9780195314212)

SKU BK-9780195314212
Barcode # 9780195314212
Brand Oxford University Press Inc
Artist / Author Bernard Gert
Shipping Weight 0.2700kg
Shipping Width 21.300m
Shipping Height 1.800m
Shipping Length 14.000m

Be The First To Review This Product!

Help other Augoods users shop smarter by writing reviews for products you have purchased.

Write a product review

More From This Category