Common Morality: Deciding What to DoAuthor: Bernard GertPublisher: Oxford University Press IncCategory: Ethics & Moral PhilosophyBook Format: Paperback
Moral problems do not always come in the form of great social controversies. More often, the moral decisions we make are made quietly, constantly, and within the context of everyday activities and quotidian dilemmas. Indeed, these smaller decisions are based on a moral foundation that few of us ever stop to think about but which guides our every action.
Here distinguished philosopher Bernard Gert presents a clear and concise introduction to what he calls common morality--the moral system that most thoughtful people implicitly use when making everyday, common sense moral decisions and judgments. Common Morality is useful in that--while not resolving every disagreement on controversial issues--it is able to distinguish between acceptable and unacceptable answers to moral problems.
Bernard Gert is Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy, Dartmouth College. He is also the author of Morality: Its Nature and Justification, and co-author of Bioethics, and Morality and the New Genetics.
Table Of ContentsIntroduction Some Areas of Widespread Agreement Distinguishing Features of Moral Judgments Rationality and Human Nature Areas of Moral Disagreement Analogy between Morality and Grammar Part I: The Moral System Features of the Moral System The Moral Rules The Moral Ideals General Characteristics of Moral Rules Interpreting the Rules Violations of Moral Rules Involve Liability to Punishment Justifying Violations of the Moral Rules The Two-Step Procedure for Justifying Violations of the Moral Rules Moral Virtues an Vices Summary and Test Part II: The Moral Theory The Justification of Morality Characteristics of Moral Agents Knowledge or Beliefs Required of All Moral Agents Irrationality and Rationality Rationality as Maximizing Satisfaction of Desires Objectively Irrational Actions Personally Irrational Actions Reasons Versus Motives All Reasons Have Justifying Force Reasons and Desires Adequate Reasons Rationality, Morality, and Self-Interest Impartiality Two Philosophical Attempts to Achieve Moral Impartiality Justifying Moral Impartiality Why Act Morally? Morality as an Informal Public System The Role of Governments in Settling Unresolvable Moral Disagreements Rights The Consequences of Morality Not Always Providing a Unique Correct Answer A Complete Moral Theory Conclusion Flow Charts Notes Glossary Index
About Bernard GertBernard Gert is Stone Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy, Dartmouth College. He is also the author of Morality: Its Nature and Justification, and co-author of Bioethics, and Morality and the New Genetics.
|Brand||Oxford University Press Inc|
|Artist / Author||Bernard Gert|